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ISSUE 6 | VOLUME 1 | 31st January 2017


Welcome to the first WSPOS newsletter of 2017. We would like to wish all of you a Happy New Year.

We would like to invite all of you to participate actively at the WSPOS Paediatric Sub-Specialty Day on 6th October, 2017 in Lisbon, Portugal & at the 4th World Congress of Paediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus in Hyderabad, India, from the 1st - 3rd of December, 2017.



We would like to announce that Dr. Susan Cotter has joined us as a Scientific Bureau Member.


Zimbabwe, Somalia, Georgia & Burundi have joined us at WSPOS.


Dr. Kuheli Bhattacharya has been appointed as the Lead of the WSPOS Connectivity Bureau.


This newsletter includes the 4th Case of our Global Case Report Quiz in addition to the 4th Edition of our Country in Focus series.


We are well advanced in our preparations for the WSPOS Paediatric Sub-Specialty Day in Lisbon, Portugal on 6th October, 2017 & the 4th World Congress of Paediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (WCPOS IV) which is scheduled to take place from the 1st - 3rd of December, 2017 in Hyderabad, India.

Further information on these meetings and on all of our activities are available on our website www.wspos.org. We will also be providing regular updates in future newsletters.

As you can see from this newsletter, these are exciting times for WSPOS. If you have any news that you would like included in our next newsletter, please contact us. We would like to thank you again for your support of WSPOS.


Dr. Ken Nischal

Dr. Mauro Goldchmit

Dr. Yair Morad




Division Chief, Paediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh;
Vice Chair (Quality) Department of Ophthalmology of UPMC; Professor of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh

Professor of Ophthalmology, Chief of the Strabismus Section of Cema Hospital, Executive-Director of Strabos Institute

Head, Pediatric Ophthalmology Service, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, Zrifin, Israel.




Not only is our membership increasing with every passing day as you can see from our graph below, we are also growing globally with regards to our Secretariat.

While our Project Manager Deirdre Canning operates from Dublin, Ireland, our Executive Assistant – Administrative Services Akhila Acharya works out of Hyderabad, India.

We also have a Global Intern Kamilla Engen, who volunteers her services from London, UK.


Deirdre Canning

Akhila Acharya

Kamilla Engen

WSPOS Project Manager
Dublin, Ireland

WSPOS Executive Assistant – Administrative Services Hyderabad, India

WSPOS Global Intern
London, UK


Click here for more information on our Secretariat.






Dr. Susan Cotter (from California, USA), a Professor of Optometry at the Southern California College of Optometry at Marshall B. Ketchum University has joined us as a Scientific Bureau Member.

Click here for more information on our Scientific Bureau.



We are very happy to announce that the ZIMBABWE, SOMALIA, GEORGIA & BURUNDI have now joined us at WSPOS. While Zimbabwe & Somalia have become chapters with web hosting by us, Georgia & Burundi have joined us as member societies.


Click here to view Zimbabwe’s Chapter page
Click here to view Somalia’s Chapter page
Click here to view WSPOS’s Member Societies



We would like to announce that Dr. Kuheli Bhattacharya has been appointed as the Lead of the WSPOS Connectivity Bureau.
Please click here for more information on Dr. Bhattacharya




Population: 203 million
Percentage of population under 15 years: 50 million
Life expectancy: 75 years
Birth rate: 14.16/1000
Infant mortality: Live births below 1 year is 15/1000 and mortality in infancy is (up to 5 years of age) 17.4/1000
Official language: Portuguese

Education : 
Youth literacy rates: The percentage of children at school age that are not at school is 7%
Registered doctors: 440.000
Number actually practicing : 425.000

Number of registered Ophthalmologists : 17.325
Number of Paediatric ophthalmologists: around 250 (not official number)
Health care system: 
General eye care: 3 options - Public health (free), Different types of insurances or Private.
Paediatric eye care: Same as above.
Average Cost to patient of squint surgery under GA: Surgery can be done for free at public hospitals; if a patient has insurance it will cover all costs; privately the cost of one day at the hospital can vary from $700 USD to $1500 USD. 
Major successes:
The Brazilian Pediatric Ophthalmology Society and the Brazilian Strabismological Society are organizing meetings and an increase number of colleagues are attending those meetings. In 2013 it was founded the Strabos Institute in Sao Paulo that is helping on teaching, stimulating research and performing social missions in the strabismus and amblyopia field.





Population: The state of Israel was established in 1948. Eighty percent of Israel's population is Jewish and 20% is Arab (mostly Muslim but also Druze and Christian). The population is growing at a pace much faster than most of the world’s countries and certainly faster than other countries in the OECD, from 800,000 in 1948 to 8,500,000 today. This fast growing pace is due to large waves of immigration of Jews from around the world into Israel (especially from the Arab countries and the former Soviet Union) and also from a high fertility rate: 3.2 children per family, seen mostly in two communities; the orthodox Jews and Arab Bedouins (fertility rate of >6 children per family) which together comprises about 25% of the population. Israel's population is relatively young. 28% of citizens are below the age of 15 years. Infant mortality is 3/1000, similar to many western countries. Life expectancy is 82.5 years (ranked 8 in the world).
Most of the population speaks Hebrew and Arabic – the two official languages of the country. However, since about 1.5 million citizens came from the former Soviet Union during the last 25 years, Russian is widely spoken and there are many media outlet (newspapers, TV and radio channels) in Russian. Education in Israel is public and free. Elementary school (age 5-14) is mandatory, but kindergarten (3-4) and high school (14-18) are also free of charge. Literacy rate is 98.7%. The education system takes into account the different cultures that comprise the population. Secular Jews, Orthodox Jews and Arabs all have their different schools, but all are paid by the government. Higher education is also supported by the state, and the tuition fee in universities is affordable by most (around 2500 US$ per year).
Forty six percent of the population has an academic degree (second in the world). Israel has 3.4/1000 registered doctors – similar to the OECD average of 3.2. About 50% of the doctors have a degree from Israeli universities and about 50% are either immigrants from other countries or Israelis that went to learn abroad. The number of registered Ophthalmologists is around 500 and around 30 are Fellowship trained Pediatric Ophthalmologists. Most of the Pediatric Ophthalmologists were trained in North America, and a smaller number in the UK, Australia and Israel.

Health care:

Health care in Israel is paid by the government. Most of the money is generated from a health tax that is proportionate to income. Most surgeries are performed in public hospitals. In these hospitals the patient cannot choose his doctor. About 85% of the population has an additional private insurance which costs about 50$ per family per month. With this insurance they can get a second opinion from known doctors or have surgery in a private hospital by a doctor they choose.
Fee for service does not exist in public hospitals in which doctors get a fixed salary. In the private sector the fee for strabismus surgery ranges from 400 US$ to 2000 US$ dependent on the doctor and the insurance company. Since salaries in the public sector are relatively low, many doctors work part time in the public sector and part time in the private sector. This may cause conflict of interests and decrease the amount of time spent by doctors on research and teaching.  

Major successes:

Major successes of the Israeli health systems are evident by its high ranking in all health indices. This is especially impressive if one takes into account that the entire system was built from scratch during about 100 years.

Major challenges: The major challenges will be to improve the balance between the private and public sectors so that doctors will not be forced to work overtime in order to complete their small income from the public sector.



Dr. Monica Samant from the Laxmi Eye Institute, Panvel, Mumbai, India has kindly sent on the Fourth case presentation. This case is about A 6 year old child who was detected with poor vision in her left eye during a routine eye screening conducted at school.

Click here to view


We would like our members to select one of the options present at the end of the quiz. Please complete the survey and send it to us no later than Monday 28th of February, 2017.


Dr. Monica P. Samant is a Pediatric, Squint & Neuro Ophthalmology consultant at the Laxmi Eye Institute, Panvel, Mumbai, India. She has completed her Post graduate training in Ophthalmology from the D. Y. Patil Medical College, Kolhapur. She then pursued a Comprehensive Ophthalmology and Pediatric, Squint and Neuro - Ophthalmology Fellowship from the renowned L. V. Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India. In Sept 2015, Dr. Samant underwent a Research Fellowship in Pediatric Ophthalmology at Children’s Hospital, University of Pittsburg [UPMC]. Her interests include Pediatric Cataracts, Squint and Genetics. She is involved in studies on the same and some of her work has been accepted and published Nationally as well as Internationally.


We will compile the responses we receive and include them along with the opinion of a few experts in an eblast to all our members soon.

We have also compiled our members’ responses received for the third case of our series. As promised we are even providing Three Experts’ Opinions for the same.

Click here to view



WSPOS has received invitations to conduct Symposia at various International meetings.

  • ACOPE 2017: WSPOS has a 90-Minute Session at the Asociación Colombiana De Oftalmología Pediatrica Y Estrabismo (ACOPE); February 16 – 18, 2017; Bogotá, Columbia.
    Click here to view the program

  • AIOS 2017: WSPOS has a 90-Minute AIOS Joint Session at the 75th Platinum Jubilee Annual Conference of the All India Ophthalmological Society (AIOS); February 16 - 19th, 2017; Jaipur, India.
    Click here to view the program.

In addition to gearing up for all our International meetings in 2017, we are well advanced in our preparations for the WSPOS Paediatric Sub-Specialty Day on 6th October, 2017 which precedes the XXXV Congress of the ESCRS at Lisbon, Portugal slated to take place from 7 – 11 October, 2017.



We are also busy planning for our IV World Congress of Paediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus which is slated to take place in Hyderabad, India, from the 1st - 3rd of December, 2017. Abstract Submissions & Registrations for WCPOS IV, Hyderabad, India 2017 are open.
Click here to view the Preliminary program

We are busy preparing for the above mentioned meetings & will be providing regular updates in future newsletters.


We have received a list of member society meeting updates which are now listed on our website.

Click here to view






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