Population : 30 million. 3 million migrant worker population (2015)
Live births per year : approx 500,000 births per year (2015)
Percentage of population under 15 years old : 30% under age of 15 years old (2015)
Ethnicity: Multi-ethnic nation: Malay, Chinese, Indian, Dayak, Iban, Kadazan, Dusun, Bajau, other minority indigenous people groups.
Language: 137 living languages. Official language: Malay. English, Chinese and Tamil widely spoken
Life expectancy at birth: 73.8 years (2015)
Type: Universal public healthcare system with a coexisting private healthcare system
Cost to patient to see a primary care doctor/ general practitioner : Public health facility : USD 1; Private health facility from USD 10
Cost to patient of squint surgery under general anesthesia: Public health facility: USD 100; Private health facility USD 1200
25 paediatric ophthalmologists
- Coordinated nationwide retinopathy of prematurity screening and treatment programme
- Tertiary referral centers for retinoblastoma, paediatric cataract and paediatric glaucoma
- Affordable and reliable optometry/ optician service
- Coordinated training programme for paediatric ophthalmologists
- An active paediatric ophthalmology and strabismus special interest group which meets regularly for CME
- Unequal access and poor rural access. Most paediatric ophthalmologists are located at major urban centers. Most states have a paediatric ophthalmology unit/ doctor but only in the state capital.
- Few trained allied health professionals in paediatric ophthalmology. There are less than 5 trained orthoptists in the whole country.
- Low paediatric ophthalmologist to population ratio (less than 1 per million population). Many common conditions such as strabismus are neglected and poorly managed.
- No coordinated eye screening programme until 7 years old when children are in formal primary school. By this time intervention for certain conditions such as amblyopia maybe too late.